Biosecurity is a set of preventive measures designed to reduce the risks for introduction and transmission of infectious disease. Infectious disease caused by bacteria and viruses may be brought to and spread at an equine facility by horses, people, domestic animals other than horses, vehicles, equipment, insects, ticks, birds, wildlife including rodents, feed, waste and water. Disease risks are inherent when horses commingle and travel. Complete elimination of all disease risks for a horse that has contact with horses outside of it’s herdmates is highly unlikely. Horse owners must determine the acceptable level of disease risk they are willing to assume for their horse and implement biosecurity measures to reduce disease risk where possible. Implementing biosecurity measures is an important part in protecting the health of the equine industry.
Biosecurity for horses includes measures that can be taken by the horse owner was well as event managers. Part of a biosecurity plan include disinfection, horse movement, isolation and quarantine, event plans for biosecurity, and risk assessment. The following links provide information to help planning and implementing biosecurity whether at home or on the road.