Equine events pose an unusually high risk for the spread of infectious disease because of the various settings in which horses interact with both humans and other horses. Diseases can be spread from horse to horse, via human contact, or even through shared supplies, equipment, and surfaces such as universal water troughs or hitching posts. Event managers have a responsibility to ensure that each event maintains biosecurity protocols and that plans are in place to reduce spread of disease in the event of an outbreak. Owners are responsible for following biosecurity protocols and for their own awareness of the possibility of disease spread.
A Note To Event Managers: As of December 2017, all USEF recognized events will require an isolation protocol for horses suspected of infectious disease prior to the start of competition. See Proposed Rule Changes, page 13.
Event Managers- Recommendations for Best Practices:
- Complete a risk assessment for your event and location.
- Establish a relationship with a local veterinarian and work together to create a comprehensive biosecurity plan and outbreak plan tailored to your location and event.
- Ensure that an area is reserved for isolation in the event of an outbreak.
- Create and train employees and volunteers on protocols to report suspicion of sick horses. Provide all competitors with protocols and post in show office.
- Create and enforce strict health requirements for entry:
- Require a CVI for out of state entries,
- Require a negative Coggins test within 12 months,
- Require a Horse Health Declaration with temperature readings 3-5 days prior to start of competition. Must be presented at check-in.
- Provide clear rules and instructions in show bills, in information packets, and on signs.
- Clearly state requirements both to enter the competition and check in.
- Give clear instructions in regards to stabling- do not allow horses to enter without check-in.
- Provide the layout of facility including maps indicating water supply, waste disposal, and isolation areas
- Sanitize all stalls and facilities before and after all competitions.
- Provide clear instructions for water and waste disposal.
- Discourage horse-to-horse contact in show information and by posting signs throughout facility.
- Request that spectators and competitors avoid touching other horses in show information and on signs throughout facility
- Request that spectators and competitors avoid horse to non-equine species contact and require leashes for all pets on the premises.
- Keep detailed records of all horses on premises including name of horse, owner, home location, and recent locations as well as copies of CVIs and Coggins.
The Biosecurity Toolkit for Equine Events, CDFA provides tools for event managers to create and maintain thorough biosecurity protocols. The toolkit includes risk assessments, instructions for cleaning after an event, dozens of signs and posters to be used around the facility, exhibitor handouts, and templates for event managers to use in the show office when planning and while running an equine event.