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To protect the health and value of American agriculture and natural resources

The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has a broad mission area that includes protecting and promoting U.S. agricultural health. To protect equine health, APHIS is on the job 24 hours a day, 7 days a week working to defend America's equine population from disease. In the event that a pest or disease of concern is detected, APHIS implements emergency protocols and partners with States to quickly manage or eradicate the outbreak.

APHIS works in a variety of ways to protect and improve the health, quality, and marketability of our nation's equine population, and to prevent, control, or eliminate disease conditions. These include:

  • Animal disease incident management

  • Epidemiologic investigations

  • Diagnostic testing

  • Surveillance

  • Monitoring

  • Emergency preparedness

  • Animal disease traceability

  • Oversight of the licensing of equine vaccines and other biologic products

To promote the health of U.S. agriculture and the equine industry in the international trade arena, APHIS develops and advances science-based standards for international trade to ensure America's agricultural exports, worth more than $50 billion annually, are protected from unjustified restrictions.

Our equine import and export activities range from policy setting to inspection at ports of entry. We operate six service centers, several animal quarantine facilities, and multiple ports of entry. We conduct:

  • Equine import and product inspection and quarantine

  • Import and export policy setting and administration

  • Facility inspection

  • Health certificate endorsement

  • World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) representation and disease reporting

  • Pathways analysis and risk assessment

  • Permit issuance

  • Pre-export inspection

The expanded APHIS mission includes protection of public health and safety as well as natural resources that are vulnerable to invasive pests and pathogens. While carrying out its diverse protection responsibilities, APHIS makes every effort to address the needs of all its equine stakeholders involved in the U.S. agricultural sector.

We invite you to access the USDA APHIS webpage specific to equine health here: or contact us directly: